Kidney inflammation, also known as nephritis, refers to the inflammation of the kidneys. It affects kidney functions, leading to changes in urine and urination habits and swelling in the hands, feet, and other parts of the body.
Nephritis is mainly caused by Infections, autoimmune disorders and other toxins in the body. It is a condition that can affect individuals of all ages and can have various causes.
Types of kidney inflammation
The inflammation can either be acute or chronic.
- Acute nephritis; it occurs suddenly and may cause symptoms like fever, pain, and blood in the urine. Lupus and rarer disorders, such as vasculitides and granulomatosis with polyangiitis, can also cause acute inflammation of the kidneys.
- Chronic nephritis; it progresses slowly and often goes unnoticed until significant kidney damage occurs.It may run in families or develop after a sudden disease.
Causes and risks factors of nephritis
The kidneys play a crucial role in filtering waste products and excess fluid from the blood, regulating electrolyte balance, and producing urine.
When the kidneys become inflamed, their ability to perform these vital functions may be compromised and therefore must be cared for as much as possible. Some risks factors and causes of kidney inflammation are below;
- Infections : Certain infections can lead to nephritis, including streptococcal infection such as strep throat, viral infections such as hepatitis B , HIV, and bacterial infection.
- Systemic diseases : Underlying systemic conditions (Chronic conditions) like diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), etc. can increase the risk of developing nephritis.
- Some Medications and toxins : Certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), certain antibiotics, and some blood pressure medications, can cause allergic reactions or toxic damage to the kidneys, resulting in nephritis.
- Smoking : Smoking is a known risk factor for several kidney diseases, including nephritis. It can contribute to the development and progression of kidney damage.
- Vasculitis : Vasculitis refers to inflammation of blood vessels, including those in the kidneys because of this, there is a higher risk of getting vasculitic nephritis, which also cause kidney damage.
Symptoms of Nephritis
- Changes in urine color : Pink, red, or brownish urine may indicate the presence of blood.
- Swelling in the extremities : Puffiness or swelling in the hands, feet, ankles, or face can be a sign of fluid retention.
- Frequent urination or urgency : An increased need to urinate or a sudden strong urge to urinate may be present.
- Pain in the lower back : Dull or severe pain in the lower back, specifically around the kidneys, can occur.
- Fatigue and weakness : Unexplained tiredness and weakness may be present due to the buildup of waste products.
- High blood pressure : Consistently elevated blood pressure readings can be an indication of kidney inflammation.
- Flu-like symptoms : Fever, chills, and body aches may accompany kidney inflammation in some cases.
It’s important to note that these signs and symptoms are not exclusive to kidney inflammation and can be associated with other conditions as well. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.
Herbal remedy for nephritis
Stinging nettle have been proven as potent antidotes against nephritis. It is a herb with many health benefits. It has heart-shaped, serrated leaves that are dark green in color. The leaves and stems are covered in stinging hairs that can cause skin irritation. Stinging nettle which is scientifically known as Urtica dioica is widely known for its stinging leaves.
How to prepare the remedy
- Add enough water to the clean root and leaves of the plant.
- Bring it to boil for about 15 minutes.
- Turn off the source of heat and let it sit for 5minutes.
- Pour the mixture through a small strainer .
- Add a spoonful of honey to a cup of the tea and it take once everyday.
Adverse effects or reactions
Put immediate stop to the medication with the Nettle plant when you experience allergies like
- Irritating throat
- Tightness in the throat and chest
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Swelling in the mouth, lips and tongue
- Rashes in the areas that have not come in contact with the Nettles(this can be all over the body)
- And other life threatening allergies and seek for medical attention.